Now the cell will make an extra copy of each chromosome. This will allow the cell to divide without losing any information. A plant or an animal is made of millions of cells. Each time a copy is made of a cell so that the organism can grow, none of the genetic information is lost.
Below is an animation showing copies being made of the genetic information:
Now the cell is ready to divide. The set of extra copies of the 8 chromosomes moves to the new cell. The animation below shows this separation:
Here are the two daughter cells which have formed:
Click on the next page to see another form of cell division: Meiosis.